Located in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra state of India, the Ajanta Caves are 30 rock cut caves depicting Buddhist religious art in the form of marvellous sculptures, paintings, and carvings on the walls, ceilings, and pillars of the caves. The Ajanta Caves dates back to 2nd century BC and were built in two phases. The significant factor of the Ajanta Caves is that the entire series of 30 caves have been carved out of a single giant horse-shoe shaped rock with the caves facing towards a gorge on a small river called Waghora.
The caves house splendid Buddhist art, reflecting the ancient Theravada tradition (meaning “the teaching of the elders”), colourful murals and statues illustrating the life of Buddha. The paintings and carvings in the caves also portray events from everyday life at that time.


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Ellora, also known as Ellooru and in Marathi as Verul, is the site of the finest ancient Indian architecture comprising of monasteries and temples. Ellora Caves are located at a distance of about 30 km North-West from the city of Aurangabad which is in the Maharashtra state of India. Ellora Caves is in the World Heritage List of UNESCO and is protected under the Archaeological Survey of India.

Another important aspect of Ellora Caves is its devotion to the various forms of religion such as Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain. This is evident from the art in the series of caves dedicated to each of these religions.


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